# CREATIVE MATHEMATICAL REASONING IN MATHEMATICAL LITERACY REVIEW BASED ON PISA 2015 DOMAIN PROBLEM

### Abstract

Mathematics learning in line with 21st-century learning objectives has 4C characteristics: (Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking and Problem Solving, Creativity and Innovation). Mathematical material and mathematical reasoning are two inseparable matters, mathematical material understood through reasoning and reasoning understood and trained through learning the mathematical material. There are two types of reasoning that students often use in completing mathematical tasks, namely: Creative Reasoning and Imitative Reasoning. Creative reasoning has four criteria: novelty, flexibility, plausibility and mathematical foundation. Mathematical Literacy is the individual's ability to formulate, employ, and interpret mathematics in various contexts. It includes mathematical reasoning and uses mathematical concepts, procedures, facts and tools to describe, explain and predict phenomena. Thus mathematical literacy helps one to recognize the role of mathematics in the world and to make judgments and decisions needed as citizens. PISA measures what the student knows and what he can do (application) with his knowledge of mathematical creative reasoning will examine more deeply the characteristics of mathematical literacy skills in which it contains some characteristics of creative reasoning ability.